The Corneal Sub-specialist //
The medical and surgical specialty of ophthalmology has, like many other fields, become divided into areas of sub-specialization. These include corneal and external diseases, glaucoma, strabismus, retina, oculo-plastics and neuro-ophthalmology.
The subspecialty of corneal and external disease deals with the diagnosis and management of problems involving the external eye, cornea, iris and lens. Diseases involving these structures may originate at birth or may be acquired as a result of trauma, infection, inflammation or normal aging. Treatment may involve medical, laser or surgical therapy.
A cornea subspecialists's training typically involves four years of college, four years of medical school, a one year internship in internal medicine, a three year residency in comprehensive ophthalmology and a one or two year fellowship training in cornea and external disease.
Passage of the National Medical Boards, the oral and written examinations of the American Board of Ophthalmology, and involvement with the state and national ophthalmology and cornea subspecialty societies are basic requirements. Active participation in academic residency training and clinical research are integral in the ongoing learning process that helps to keep one at the forefront of this field.